Former Virginia death row prisoner to go free – Joseph M. Giarratano

A convicted double murderer who came within two days of sitting in Virginia’s electric chair will soon be a free man.

Joseph M. Giarratano, who won support from around the world fighting his 1979 conviction in the Norfolk slayings, was granted parole Monday.

“I’m confident there’s no other prisoner like him in the Commonwealth of Virginia,” said lawyer Stephen A. Northup, who represented Giarratano before the parole board.

Giarratano was a 21-year-old scallop boat worker when he confessed to killing his roommates, 44-year-0ld Barbara Kline and her 15-year-old daughter, Michelle. But his confessions were inconsistent with each other and with the physical evidence, which did not tie him to the crime. He later said that after waking up from a drug-induced stupor and finding the bodies, he simply assumed he was the killer.

His attempts to win freedom attracted the support of actor Jack Lemmon, singer Joan Baez and conservative newspaper columnist James J. Kilpatrick, among others. In 1991, Gov. L. Douglas Wilder granted Giarratano a commutation, changing his sentence from death to life and making him eligible for parole after serving 25 years.

However, Virginia Attorney General Mary Sue Terry declined to grant Giarratano a new trial, saying she was still convinced of his guilt.

n prison, the uneducated Giarratano taught himself the law and advocated for fellow prisoners. He helped secure representation for Earl Washington Jr., another death row inmate, who was eventually exonerated by DNA evidence.

Giarratano sought to have similar evidence tested in his case, but it had been destroyed by the time he was allowed to file such a request.

Adrianne L. Bennett, chairwoman of the Virginia State Parole Board, told the Richmond Times-Dispatch that the parole decision should not be read as confirming Giarratano’s innocence. While Northup is confident that his client did not commit the murders, he said he believes the Monday decision has more to do with a parole board that is more open than in the past to freeing prisoners who have behaved admirably behind bars.

Now, Northup said, Giarratano plans to move to Charlottesville and work as a paralegal with lawyer Steven D. Rosenfield. He also hopes to work with the University of Virginia Law School’s Innocence Project.


Execution List 2014

1/7/14 FL Askari Muhammad 62 B 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 30
1/9/14 OK Michael Wilson 38 B 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ pentobarbital 16
1/16/14 OH Dennis McGuire 53 W 1 White Lethal Injection 2-drug (midazolam + hydromorphone) 20
1/22/14 TX Edgar Tamayo~ 46 L 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 20
1/24/14 OK Kenneth Hogan 52 W 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ pentobarbital 11
1/29/14 MO Herbert Smulls 56 B 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 22
2/5/14 TX Suzanne Bassoƒ 59 W 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 15
2/12/14 FL Juan Chavez~ 46 L 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 16
2/26/14 MO Michael Taylor 47 B 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 23
2/26/14 FL Paul Howell 48 B 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 19
3/19/14 TX Ray Jasper 33 B 1 Latino Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 14
3/20/14 FL Robert Henry 55 B 1 White, 1 Black Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 26
3/26/14 MO Jeffrey Ferguson 59 W 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 19
3/27/14 TX Anthony Doyle 29 B 1 Asian Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 10
4/3/14 TX Tommy Sells 49 W 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 14
4/9/14 TX Ramiro Hernandez~ 44 L 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 14
4/16/14 TX Jose Villegas 39 L 3 Latino Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 12
4/23/14 MO William Rousan 57 W 2 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 18
4/23/14 FL Robert Hendrix 47 W 2 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 23
4/29/14 OK Clayton Lockett 38 B 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 14
6/17/14 GA Marcus Wellons 58 B 1 Black Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 21
6/18/14 MO John Winfield 46 B 2 Black Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 16
6/18/14 FL John Henry 63 B 2 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 23
7/10/14 FL Eddie Davis 45 W 1 White Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 19
7/16/14 MO John Middleton 54 W 3 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 17
7/23/14 AZ Joseph Wood 55 W 2 White Lethal Injection 2-drug (midazolam + hydromorphone) 23
8/6/14 MO Michael Worthington 43 W 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 16
9/10/14 MO Earl Ringo, Jr. 40 B 2 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 16
9/10/14 TX Willie Trottie 45 B 2 Black Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 21
9/17/14 TX Lisa Coleman ƒ 38 B 1 Black Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 8
10/28/14 TX Miguel Paredes 32 L 2 Latino, 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 14
11/13/14 FL Chadwick Banks 43 B 1 Black Lethal Injection 3-drug w/ midazolam hydrochloride 20
11/19/14 MO Leon Taylor 56 B 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 15
12/9/14 GA Robert Holsey 49 B 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 17
12/10/14 MO Paul Goodwin 48 W 1 White Lethal Injection 1-drug (pentobarbital) 15

The three-drug protocol typically begins with an anesthetic or sedative, followed by pancuronium bromide to paralyze the inmate and potassium chloride to stop the inmate’s heart.  The first drug used varies by state and is listed above for each execution.

ƒ female

USA Violates International Law; Executes Mexican Citizen – Ramiro Hernandez

April 12, 2014

The United States has once again violated international law, with its execution of Mexican citizen Ramiro Hernandez, who was denied the consular attention included in a Vienna convention, the United Nations charged today.

“Mr. Hernandez did not have consular access, established in Article 36 of the Vienna Convention for Consular Affairs,” OHCHR spokesperson Rupert Colville told the press.

Colville recalled that in 2004 at the U.N. headquarters in Geneva, the International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a resolution noting that the United States should review and reconsider the cases of 51 Mexicans sentenced to death, including the case of Hernandez, since they had not received the required assistance.

Under international law, the violation of the right to consular notification affects due process, so, we are witnessing a new case of arbitrary deprivation of life by a signing country, since 1992, of the International Convention on Civil and Political Rights”, Colville highlighted.

The spokesperson said Wednesday’s execution, which took place in Texas was regrettable.

This is the 16th time the United States has applied the death penalty this year; the 6th in Texas. The U.N. opposes this punishment under any circumstance, but even more so in the recent case due to the aforementioned violations, Colville stressed.



With Death Penalty, How Should States Define Mental Disability?

march 3, 2014 (

Twelve years after banning the execution of the “mentally retarded,” the U.S. Supreme Court is examining the question of who qualifies as having mental retardation, for purposes of capital cases, and who does not.

In 2002, the high court ruled in Atkins v. Virginia that executing “mentally retarded” people is unconstitutionally cruel and unusual punishment. But the justices left it to the states to define mental retardation.

Now the court is focusing on what limits, if any, there are to those definitions.

The case before the court involves the brutal murder of Karol Hurst, who was 21 years old and seven months pregnant when she was kidnapped, raped, and killed by Freddie Lee Hall and an accomplice.

Hall was sentenced to death, but after the Atkins decision, his lawyers challenged the sentence. They cited multiple diagnoses of Hall as having a mental retardation and quoted the state supreme court as having previously declared that Hall had been “mentally retarded his entire life.” The state court, nonetheless, subsequently upheld Hall’s death sentence on grounds that his IQ tests averaged higher than 70.

Hall appealed to the U.S. Supreme Court, where the question Monday is whether states can establish a hard statistical cutoff in these cases.

Florida’s statute, as interpreted by the state supreme court, sets the definition of developmental disability at an IQ score of 70 or below. With anything higher, the defendant cannot put on other evidence to show he is intellectually disabled. Moreover, the state does not allow use of the standard error of measurement that is deemed inherent in IQ tests.

Hall’s various test scores added up to an average of more than 70, but no more than 75, meaning that he would qualify as having a disability if the state had used the standard five-point error of measurement. Without that statistical norm, however, Hall’s lawyers were barred from putting on any other evidence of disability — for example, school records that consistently identified Hall as being mentally retarded.

“Florida’s position is inconsistent with the views of all the mental disability organizations and professional organizations that are involved in the definition of mental retardation,” says Jim Ellis, a longtime advocate for people with mental disabilities. He has also filed a brief in the case.

Allowing states to redefine “mental retardation” in defiance of professional standards, he argues, is nothing more than a way to undo the Supreme Court’s 2002 ruling.

But the state of Florida counters that the Supreme Court did not require any particular clinical definition. Rather, the court relied on what it deemed to be a national consensus that executing mentally disabled people is cruel and unusual punishment. And Florida argues that national consensus is not necessarily the same as a clinical definition.

“The line separating ‘retarded’ from ‘not retarded’ is itself arbitrary,” says Kent Scheidegger, legal director of the Criminal Justice Legal Foundation. “It is itself a matter of convention and not science.” Scheidegger has filed a brief in support of Florida’s position.

Florida is one of only five states that have set an inflexible line for determining intellectual disability in capital cases. The others are Alabama, Kentucky, Virginia and Idaho, and the results there have been stark. Only two claims of mental retardation have been successful in those states since 2002, according to a Cornell University study. That’s about 2 percent, compared to a 28 percent success rate in the other 45 states.

The Truth About The Death Penalty … And What You Can Do About It – Myth and Truth

february 26, 2014 (huffington)

Currently, 32 states use the death penalty, but does it really accomplish its intended purpose?

Though a majority of Americans — 55 percent — support the death penalty for persons convicted of murder, more and more people in the U.S. aren’t so sure, according to a 2013 Pew Research poll. Support for the death penalty has dropped by 23 percent since 1996, and new information is leading to renewed conversations around abolition.

Earlier this month, a study from the University of Washington found that jurors were three times more likely to sentence a black defendant to death as compared to a white defendant in Washington state, according to the Associated Press.

Revelations around inequality of sentencing are not the only complications to capital punishment. AP also reported that the EU’s firm stance against the death penalty has led to European countries refusing to export execution drugs to the U.S., resulting in a shortage of drugs used for lethal injections.

As the debate about the death penalty wages on, it’s time to take a closer look at capital punishment in the United States — and separate fact from fiction:

Myth: The death penalty makes good fiscal sense. It costs less than paying for a convicted murderer to live out their natural life on the state’s dime.
Truth: While the cost discrepancy varies from state to state, pursuing and issuing the death penalty is more expensive than imprisoning someone for life, according to Amnesty International. Conservative estimates by the California Commission for the Fair Administration of Justice determined that California could save $125.5 million annually by abolishing the death penalty.

Myth: Only the most heinous criminals are put to death.
Truth: Almost all of the inmates on death row were not able to afford to hire private counsel, according to Amnesty International. This means that the likeliness of ending up on death row is directly related to socio-economics, not the relative brutality of the crime. Race also plays a key role. Amnesty International notes that, 77 percent of death row inmates have been executed for killing white victims. This is grossly disproportionate considering African-Americans make up roughly half of all homicide victims.

Myth: We only use the death penalty when we are absolutely certain of a criminal’s guilt.
Truth: Since 1973, 143 people have been released from death row, according to the Death Penalty Information Center. Each of these 143 individuals were either acquitted of all charges, had all charges dismissed by the prosecution or were granted a complete pardon based on evidence of innocence.

Myth: Use of the death penalty is a good deterrent for would-be criminals.
Truth: According to FBI data, states that have abolished the death penalty have homicide rates consistent with or below the national rate.

Myth: Lots of countries use the death penalty.
Truth: In 2012, 21 countries around the world used the death penalty, National Geographic reported. The United States ranked fifth in number of executions, coming in behind China, Iran, Iraq and Saudi Arabia, and ahead of Yemen and Sudan.

Myth: Lethal injection is the United States’ preferred method of execution because it’s humane and doesn’t cause the condemned any pain.
Truth: There’s split opinion within medical and legal communities on the pain experienced by the condemned during lethal injection, and whether or not it constitutes “cruel and unusual punishment” as prohibited by the Constitution. However, recent shortages of the drugs used in the lethal injection cocktail have forced states to try new, untested drug combinations. In January, 53-year-old Dennis McGuire experienced a prolonged 15-minute execution under an experimental two-drug cocktail, as reported by the Associated Press.

Support for the death penalty continues to drop. If you find yourself on this side of the issue, here’s what you can do about it.

  • Educate yourself by learning more about the issue
  • Work with organizations working to abolish the death penalty in your state.
  • Make your voice heard by submitting a video or written statement to the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty’s 90 Million Strong campaign.




USA: The death penalty has become a game of chess

Americans have developed a nearly insatiable appetite for morbid details about crime, as any number of docudramas, Netflix series and Hollywood movies attest.

There is 1 notable exception: executions. Here, we’d just rather not know too much about current practices. Better to just think of prisoners quietly going to sleep, permanently.

The blind eye we turn to techniques of execution is giving cover to disturbing changes with lethal injection. The drugs that have traditionally been used to create the deadly “cocktail” administered to the condemned are becoming harder to get. Major manufacturers are declining to supply them for executions, and that has led states to seek other options.

That raises questions about how effective the lethal drugs will be. At least 1 execution appears to have been botched. In January, an inmate in Ohio was seen gasping for more than 10 minutes during his execution. He took 25 minutes to die. The state had infused him with a new cocktail of drugs not previously used in executions.

States have been forced to turn to relatively lightly regulated “compounding pharmacies,” companies that manufacture drugs usually for specific patient uses. And they’d rather you not ask for details. Death row inmates and their attorneys, on the other hand, are keenly interested in how an approaching execution is going to be carried out. Will it be humane and painless or cruel and unusual?

Lawyers for Herbert Smulls, a convicted murderer in Missouri, challenged the compound drug he was due to be given, but the Supreme Court overturned his stay of execution. A district court had ruled that Missouri had made it “impossible” for Smulls “to discover the information necessary to meet his burden.” In other words, he was condemned to die and there was nothing that attorneys could do because of the secrecy.

Smulls was executed Wednesday.

Missouri, which has put 3 men to death in 3 months, continues shrouding significant details about where the drugs are manufactured and tested. In December, a judge at the 8th U.S. Circuit of Appeals wrote a scathing ruling terming Missouri’s actions as “using shadow pharmacies hidden behind the hangman’s hood.”

States have long taken measures to protect the identities of guards and medical personnel directly involved with carrying out death penalty convictions. That is a sensible protection. But Missouri claims the pharmacy and the testing lab providing the drugs are also part of the unnamed “execution team.”

That’s a stretch. And the reasoning is less about protecting the firm and more about protecting the state’s death penalty from scrutiny.

The states really are in a bind. European manufacturers no longer want to be involved in the U.S. market for killing people. So they have cut off exports of their products to U.S. prisons.

First, sodium thiopental, a key to a long-used lethal injection cocktail became unavailable. Next, the anesthetic propofol was no longer available. At one point, Missouri was in a rush to use up its supply before the supply reached its expiration date.

Next, the state decided to switch to pentobarbital. So, along with many of the more than 30 states that have the death penalty, Missouri is jumping to find new drugs, chasing down new ways to manufacture them.

Information emerged that at least some of Missouri’s lethal drug supply was tested by an Oklahoma analytical lab that had approved medicine from a Massachusetts pharmacy responsible for a meningitis outbreak that killed 64 people.

For those who glibly see no problem here, remember that the U.S. Constitution protects its citizens from “cruel and unusual punishment.” But attorneys for death row inmates are finding they can’t legally test whether a new compounded drug meets that standard because key information is being withheld. Besides, we citizens have a right to know how the death penalty is carried out.

All of this adds to the growing case against the death penalty, showing it as a costly and irrational part of the criminal justice system. We know the threat of it is not a deterrent. We know it is far more costly to litigate than seeking sentences for life with no parole. We know extensive appeals are excruciating for the families of murder victims. And we know that some of society’s most unrepentant, violent killers somehow escape it.

And now we’ve got states going to extremes to find the drugs – and hide information about how they got then – just to continue the killing.

ABOUT THE WRITER Mary Sanchez is an opinion-page columnist for The Kansas City Star

(source: Fresno Bee) 



Convictions linked to FBI lab’s suspect forensics


Following a 1997 misconduct scandal at the FBI Laboratory, a Justice Department task force commissioned secret scientific assessments of suspect forensic work in about 250 convictions nationwide. The department never identified cases reviewed. State and federal prosecutors, who were given results, often did not share them with courts, defendants or their counsel.


A Washington Post investigation identified defendants in these 137 reviewed cases. Links at right lead to review results obtained in Freedom of Information Act requests.


Not disclosed (107)


Year Plaintiff Defendant Offense Sentence
1993 US (Navy) Anthony Goins Homicide 35 years
1992 TN David S. Alexander Burglary• 8 years
1992 MD Hadden L. Clark Homicide 30 years
1992 TN Mickey Cresong Aggravated sexual assault 25 years
1992 UT Ronald L. Kelley Homicide Life
1991 FL Robert A. Milford Homicide, attempted murder, arson, armed robbery, grand theft auto, grand theft• Life
1991 NH Dwight Reynolds Burglary• 3-1/2 to 10 years
1990 ME Darlene J. Boutin Homicide• 27 months
1990 DE Peggy J. Dennard Homicide 10 years
1990 FL Gary L. Mills Sexual battery 7 years
1990 FL Augustine D. Perez Homicide Life
1990 FL John W. Smith Homicide 15 years
1990 FL Felix Cruz Torres Homicide 17 years
1989 MD David T. Bryant Sr. Sexual assault Life
1989 ME Woodbury Eldridge Attempted sexual misconduct 3 years
1989 MD Gerald M. Ranson Bank robbery• 7 years
1989 AR Lonnie D. Strawhacker Sexual assault and battery Life
1989 FL Darold N. Tibbetts Homicide 30 years
1988 TX Thomas L. Gilliam Homicide, kidnapping Life
1988 OH Charles Oswalt Homicide 10 to 25 years
1988 FL Kevin W. Thompson Homicide Life
1988 SD Betty D. Wright Arson 10 years
1987 AK John M. Briggs Homicide• 5 years
1987 US (DC) Jose Del Carmen Alberto Garay Theft Time served
1987 CNMI Hideki Hanada

Koichi Yoneda

Young Il Choi

aka Eeichi Kawano



Principal to homicide

1987 MD Nuri T. Icgoren Homicide Life
1987 PA Randy Taft Homicide Life
1987 DE Jerome Waterman Burglarly, sexual assault 70 years
1986 AK Patrick DeAlexandro

Scot McGonegal

David Urquhart

Timothy White

Evidence tampering, misconduct with a controlled substance• 27 months

1 year

6 months


1986 NC Jimmy D. Hudson Homicide Life
1986 LA Kenneth W. Magouirk Homicide 21 years labor
1986 TN Sam L. Morris Kidnapping, Sexual assault• 1 year
1986 SC Anthony H. Stackhouse Attempted sexual assault, burglary 50 years
1985 US (VI) Cecil Abenego Aggravated sexual assault 12 years 6 months
1985 MS Roosevelt D. Armstead Burglary 15 years
1985 CA George Bender

Columbus Bender Jr.



5 years

8 months

1985 TX Benjamin H. Boyle Homicide Death
1985 US (NE) Robert Buckley Sexual assault• 5 years probation
1985 US (MO) Herman Carter Homicide 30 years
1985 IL Brian J. Dugan Homicide Life
1985 TN George L. McGhee

George Washington

Homicide Life

35 years

1985 US (DC) Derrie A. Nelson Homicide, related charges 20 years to life
1985 NJ Donald C. Pittman Sexual assault• 7 years
1985 TN David L. Rutledge Sexual assault, kidnapping, crime against nature, assault with intent to commit first degree murder 25 years
1984 FL Louis S. Ammaz Sexual battery 7 years
1984 SC Roy D. Brooks Homicide Life
1984 WA Ronald E. Giffing Homicide 26 years
1984 SC Allen S. Peake Homicide Time served
1984 US (DC) Walter H. Terry Reduced charges 10 to 30 years
1983 NJ Miguel Arroyo

Helmer Valencia Hidarraga

Edwin Pantoja

1983 AK George Betzner

Daniel Medwin

Peter Lindsay




9 years 6 months

5 years


1983 AK Jay Bridegan Sexual assault 8 years
1983 SC Clifton J. Campbell Homicide Life
1983 FL Gregory F. Gunn

Joette J. Davis

Homicide 25 years to life

12 years

1983 AK John E. Hanson Jr. Sexual assault 10 years
1983 NM Bryson A. Jacobs Aggravated burglary
1983 FL Henry K. Malone Sexual battery 5 years
1983 FL Joseph G. Martino Sexual battery• 4 years probation
1983 ME Richard S. Pallito Homicide 35 years
1983 AK Jeffrey C. Wilkie Sexual assault• 8 years
1982 AK Steven Anahonak Sexual assault 2 years
1982 FL Douglas Earl Cook Aggravated battery 15 years
1982 PA William Fenstermacher Attempted sexual assault 5 to 10 years
1982 AK Newton P. Lambert Homicide 99 years
1982 FL Thomas E. McGowan Sexual battery, burglary• 10 years
1982 US (MN) Donald L. McIvor Kidnapping Life
1982 AK David R. O’Rear Sexual assault• 3 years
1982 US (DC) Darryl C. Plater Jr.

Ray R. McLamore

Thomas Smith

Terrance Hanford

Armed sexual assault, sodomy, burglary• 15 to 45 years

15 to 45 years


25 years

1982 FL Larry Scarborough Sexual battery• 3 years
1982 NH Scott Sefton Leaving scene of an automobile accident
1982 FL Charles Stinyard Homicide, robbery, kidnapping 99 years
1982 US (ID) LeBurn Stone Lewd and lascivious behavior 15 years
1982 1983 FL Curtis Lee Thomas Sexual battery Life
1981 DE Benjamin Crump Sexual assault, kidnapping Life
1981 FL Donald Faulkner Cruelty toward child, aggravated abuse 10 years
1981 US (DC) Donald E. Gates Homicide, sexual assault 20 years to life
1981 AK Jay Huf Sexual assault, burglary 6 years
1981 MD John N. Huffington Homicide Life
1981 SD Darrel Jacox Sexual assault• 4 years
1980 OH Jack M. Gall Kidnapping 7 to 25 years
1980 MS Anthony Hyde Sexual assault 25 years
1980 CO Kenyon B. Tolerton Homicide 10 years
1979 FL Dwayne Bostic Burglary• 5 years
1979 AK Jimmy C. Kingosak Sexual assault 3 years
1979 AK Freddie A. Koutchak Homicide 10 years
1979 US (WI) George T. Phillips

Dennis Wieneke

Joey Clendenny

Kidnapping, interstate transportation of a stolen motor vehicle, Mann Act Life


25 years

1979 FL Ioannis John Zografos Conspiracy to import controlled substance 5 years probation
1972 CT Guillermo Aillon Homicide 75 years to life
US (MT) Ray W. Daniels Drug importation 7 years
US (AR) Steve Gray Bank robbery•
US (MD) Eric Haaff
AK Reuben D. Johnson
MD Stanley Kosmas Homicide• 20 years
NC James A. Lewis Sexual assault• 7 to 35 years
OR Bradley Marca
MD Paul K. McInturff Homicide Life
US (LA) Adolph L. Minor Sexual assault•
US (NM) Wayne J. Morgan Homicide 7 years
US (MT) Harold J. No Runner
AK Ronald T. Peltola
SC Randy W. Poindexter
US (TN) James R. Pulliam
SD Jonathan Shaw Homicide Life
PA Mitchell K. Smith
DE Stephanie Ward
US (AR) Andre Wilson
FL Jill L. Yelton


SOURCE: Washington Post and National Whistleblowers Center analysis of records of the U.S. Department of Justice Task Force on the FBI Laboratory obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.
GRAPHIC: Spencer Hsu, Jennifer Jenkins, Aaron Carter, Ted Mellnik, Wilson Andrews – The Washington Post; Andrew Berkowitz – National Whistleblowers Center. Published April 17, 2012.

Disclosed (30)

Year Plaintiff Defendant Offense Sentence
1978 CT Steven M. Asherman Homicide• 7 to 14 years
1983 FL James P. Bard Homicide 7 years
1993 FL Willie D. Bell Sexual assault• 4 years 6 months
1988 RI Carlton J. Bleau Sexual assault 55 years
1991 FL Brett Bogle Homicide Death penalty
1991 US (DC) Anthony Bragdon Attempted sexual assault while armed 15 years
1982 NC Franklin Bridger

aka Graham Franklin Bridgers

Arson• 27 years
1983 FL Timothy E. Brown

aka Timothy Williams

Homicide, burglary 32 years
1991 TX Claude Carson Homicide 10 years
1985 NY Alfred DiLorenzo Homicide 25 years to life
1990 FL Michael J Dolan Sexual assault• 22 years
1988 FL Brian K. Perkins

John M. Frame

Armed robbery• 22 years

22 years

1989 FL Isaiah Grady Sexual battery, aggravated assault, robbery Life
1985 TN Billy Irick Homicide, sexual assault Death penalty
TN James Jackson Aggravated sexual assault 20 years
1986 CA Brian M. Jones Homicide Death
1982-84 FL Austin G. Jones

aka James Wilmouth

Sexual battery, sexual assault• 10 years
1993 FL Mark Kohut

Charles Rourk

Jeff Pellett

Kidnapping, armed robbery, attempted homicide

Kidnapping, armed robbery, attempted homicide

Accessory to kidnapping, armed robbery, attempted homi



78 months

1983-84 FL Robert Joe Long Homicides, sexual assaults Life
1984 FL Dwayne R. McLendon Sexual assault 33 years
MD Tyrone Page

Jerome Page

Homicide, sexual assault•
1985 FL Stephen M. Pate Kidnapping, sexual assault, sexual battery• 27 years
1988 FL Walter Pilgrim Jr. Homicide, arson, armed robbery Life
1988 FL David M. Reutter Homicide Life
1985 FL Clayborn Shepard Sexual battery, kidnapping 12 years
1992 FL David T. Sheren

Georgia R. Miller

Homicide 50 years

50 years

1986 US (CA) Shaun Small

Peter K. Pilaski

1984 FL Nathan R. Smith Manslaughter 3 years
1977 AK Rick H. Spencer Homicide 99 years
1988 WA Alex Sugatch Sexual assault• 16 years

SOURCE: Washington Post and National Whistleblowers Center analysis of records of the U.S. Department of Justice Task Force on the FBI Laboratory obtained under the Freedom of Information Act.
GRAPHIC: Spencer Hsu, Jennifer Jenkins, Aaron Carter, Ted Mellnik, Wilson Andrews – The Washington Post; Andrew Berkowitz – National Whistleblowers Center. Published April 17, 2012.


Us – Death Row Report and following statistics

June 16 : CLICK HERE to see the Latest Death Row U.S.A. Report

The April 1, 2012 report includes the following statistics:

The number of inmates on death rows across the nation is 3,170, an decrease from 3,189 reported on January 1, 2011.

Jurisdictions (having 10 or more inmates) with the highest percent of minorities on death row

– Delaware (78%)
– Texas (71%)
– Louisiana (70%)
– Pennsylvania (69%)
– Arkansas (65%)
– California (65%)

Jurisdictions with the most inmates on death row:

– California (724)
– Florida (407)
– Texas (308)
– Pennsylvania (204)
– Alabama (200)
Source: NAACP Legal Defense & Educational Fund, “Death Row USA” Spring 2012.